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    PETS閱讀解題技巧

    三級 責任編輯:谷蘭 2019-08-08
    摘要:據統計:閱讀問題中除了問大意、中心思想的,60%以上是問細節的,而只要問細節,90%以上牽涉到原因,特點,功能,理由,事實,優缺點等。而這些東西往往是用表示各種語義的過渡詞來引出的。

    文章過渡詞是篇章意義組織和傳達的重要一部分。由于過渡詞能夠表示各種語義關系,如果考生在這方面有一定的知識,往往可以借助它們搞清文章的來龍去脈,不讀具體細節,也能猜上文或者下文講的是什么。更重要的是過渡詞在文章中比較突出、醒目,在查證時容易找。在閱讀中,如把它們圈出,答題就容易多了。因為絕大多數細節性的問題和它們有密切的聯系。

    根據過渡詞表示的語義和邏輯關系,我們可以分類為:

    1) 舉例

    for example, for instance, as a case in point, as an illustration, such as, say, e.g。

    2) 釋義

    that is, that is to say, in other words, so to speak, or rather, namely

    3) 原因

    BECause, because of, for, as, owing to, thanks to, due to, now that, since, as a result of, attribute to, in that

    4) 條件

    if, unless, whether, provided that, given, as long as, on condition that, otherwise

    5) 讓步

    despite, in spite of, though, although, nevertheless, but, however, admittedly, it is true…but, after all

    6) 結果

    for this reason, therefore, consequently, accordingly, hence, as a result, thus, in short, in a word, to sum up, to conclude

    7)比較

    similarly, like, likewise, in the same way, much……, as much, no more……, than, just as…… so

    8)對照

    whereas, instead, however, unlike, on the contrary, in contrast, on the other hand, while, some……, others

    9)層進

    first, in the first place, to begin with, second, next, in addition to, besides, moreover, furthermore, third, finally

    10)強調

    indeed, in fact, certainly, particularly, above all, most importantly, worst of all

    11)目的

    in order to, in an effort to, so as to, in order that, for fear that, in case, least

    12)先后

    shortly after, earlier, later, afterwards, after, before, once, meanwhile, since, until, when, while, the moment, as soon as

    13)指示

    this, that, these, this accounts for, this helps explain, that‘s why

    如何做判斷是非的題目

    是非題也稱之為正誤判斷題,因為問的是選項中對文章中的事實的轉述是否真實,提法是否正確,文章或作者是否提及。例如:

    Which of the following statements is (not) true-

    Which of the following is (not) mentioned in the passage-

    Which of the following does not explain _______ -

    All of the following are true except ________。

    可見這些問題的四個選項要么是“一正三誤”,即一項是對的,是符合文章事實的,其余三項均是錯的;要么是“一誤三正”,即一項是錯的,是不合原文事實的,其余三項均是正確的。

    解答這類問題,頭腦應當清楚:問題是要求把正確的選項圈出,還是要求把錯誤的選項圈出。有的考生不看清問題,就去選擇選項,想當然地把正確的,符合文章事實的一項圈出,而問題明明問的是Which of the following is not true (mentioned),結果誤選。

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